Unbranded Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Prices

 

Good Friday morning,

 

Prices jumped up over night. Unbranded gasoline rack prices are up by 6.6 cents. Diesel fuel average rack prices at Selma are up 7.0 cents. The Fed upped its discount rate last night. The dollar is up so one would think that crude will drop today but has not so far. Crude is up to $79.13/barrel at this time, up $.07 from the close yesterday. Prices are:

 

HOPKINS OIL WEBSITE CALCULATOR

AV.RACK

FEDERAL

STATE

SPILL

COST

   PRODUCT

  PRICE

  TAX

TAX

TAX

With Tax

UL REG

2.1058

0.1840

0.3055

0.0012

2.5965

PREMIUM

2.2376

0.1840

0.3055

0.0012

2.7283

ULS

2.1221

0.2440

0.3055

0.0012

2.6728

ULS RD

2.1209

0.0000

0.0025

0.0012

2.1246

 

Enjoy your weekend,

 

-Larry H.

L

Unbranded Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

Another chilly start today. Gasoline at the average unbranded rack is hardly changed. Diesel fuel has increased 9/10ths at the average rack in Selma. Prices are

 

AV.RACK

FEDERAL

STATE

SPILL

COST

   PRODUCT

  PRICE

  TAX

TAX

TAX

With Tax

UL REG

2.0343

0.1840

0.3055

0.0012

2.5250

ULS

2.0825

0.2440

0.3055

0.0012

2.6332

ULS RD

2.0824

0.0000

0.0025

0.0012

2.0861

 

I have changed the cost calculation to include the taxes. This makes it easier, since you know your margin, to just add it to the Cost With Tax. Let me know your thoughts if this is a problem. This way you don’t have to use the Excel on the computer and can read it off your phone or Blackberry.

 

Best regards,

 

-Larry H.

Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

We have another day in Paradise. Gasoline prices jumped up today by 9.2 cents. Diesel prices are up by 7.2 cents. Prices at the average rack in Selma are:

 

UNLEADED     $2.0359

PLUS              $2.0677

PREMIUM      $2.1628

ULS               $2.0734

ULS RD         $2.0727

 

Crude oil is up 40 cents at this time to $77.41 over yesterday’s close.

 

Have a good day,

 

-Larry H.  

 

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good afternoon,

 

I am running late after a meeting this morning. Gasoline is little changed today. Diesel fuel is the same. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED    $1.9443

PLUS             $1.9916

PREMIUM     $2.0873

ULS               $2.0015

ULS RD         $1.9998

 

Crude oil has jumped up $2.92/barrel over the close yesterday and is now trading at $77.05.

 

Best regards,

 

-Larry H.  

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good Monday morning,

 

Basically, there is no change is gasoline price at the average rack today, 3/1000th  of a cent. Diesel prices are down 3.72 cents today:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9420

PLUS              $1.9946

PREMIUM       $2.0891

ULS                $2.0000

ULS RD          $1.9972

 

Crude has moved up 13 cents/gallon to $74.23 at this time from its Friday close.

 

Have a good week,

 

-Larry

 

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

Gasoline prices are up today by 1.6 cents. Diesel fuel prices at the average rack are up 2.0 cents:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9423

PLUS              $1.9960

PREMIUM      $2.0903

ULS               $2.0372

ULS RD         $2.0349

 

 Crude is down $1.58 today to $73.73 from the close yesterday at $75.28.

 

I was walking the dog this morning. There is this one curve in the road that has sweet gum trees. I was marveling at the plethora of sweet gum balls that came down in the wind this week. Then I looked up and you would not believe the thousand that are STILL on the trees.

 

Enjoy your weekend,

 

-Larry H.

The Ecological Address

What if one could assign a mathematical and alphanumeric formula for every organism on the planet that would represent its ecological address or Ecoaddress for short? The value of one address would be meaningless, kind of like having the only facsimile machine. But if all organisms on the earth had an address, one could picture the interactive chain of life on this planet. Imagine a computer image linking all addresses where they intersect into a 3-D model in colors, with blue for the ocean at the bottom of the image, brown for land, green for plant levels on up to white for the snowline.Such a display would be like a Scrabble game in 3-Dimensions and color.

What we would have is a vivid, meaningful image of the interlocking life on Earth. Break that chain at certain strategic points and many life forms could be lost.

This address would represent a series of ranges. For example: a land animal might live above sea level Or +1 foot up to 6,000 feet. One would need the longitude and latitude where the organism exists. One would need a range of temperatures at which it could survive such as -10 degree F. up to say, 100 degrees F. And this same animal might require an environment with a minimal rainfall of 30” per year and a maximum of 65”. How to convert this data into a formula, and address?

Or suppose one might have a marine animal that mostly lives below sea level or from 0 feet down to -300 feet.  But if an animal does not normally live at a certain level, then we would not count it. For example a dolphin may jump 8 feet into the air but it cannot live there so its address would be =1 foot or the amount he might normally come up for air. But a sea turtle comes out of the water to lay its eggs so its address might begin with +6 and go down to -300? I have no idea how deep sea turtles dive.

Assuming that biologists could devise such a scheme, what good is it? Well, if one knew the ecological address in one part of the world, one could predict all of the other parts of the world where that organism could live and thrive. If we knew what happened, would we have brought starlings to America from England? How many native birds were misplaced? What about Kudzu? In each case we might have made a different decision, or not, but it would have been an informed decision.

I have read many accounts in English literature about the Nightingale, how beautiful their song is in the night. English poets have written many poems in its honor. I have never heard this song, but I would cherish the opportunity. Suppose we were to consider importing these birds into this country? Using a computer one could first map the address of the Nightingale, green, yellow, and red areas. Naturally, the green would be the ideal habitat, the yellow borderline and the red would be least likely. Then we could ask the computer, what other native animals overlap the green areas. Maybe we would get lucky and it would be Starlings. Bring them on! One could make an informed decision.

Another example: I have heard it said that Transylvania County in N.C. has the highest and lowest rainfall of any county. Let’s suppose that is true. One would assume that it is the western slope of the Appalachian Range that has the highest rainfall because the clouds can’t make it over them. I have often wondered if one could plant a forest of California Redwoods on the Western slope of our mountains. Let’s assume that we all agreed that it would be a good idea. One could take the ecological address of the California Redwood and see it is a fit for Transylvania County or other mountain counties. In this example, height above sea level, temperature range, rainfall, and humidity would be measurements, its addresses must overlap in a meaningful way for the project to succeed.
The computer, comparing the addresses, would respond ‘Exact Match’ or, perhaps 11 out of 13 matched, then print out in English the differences, in this case Longitude and Latitude.

Knowing that the same flora and fauna live in the Appalachian Mountains of N.C. as are found in Canada, it would be interesting to compare the addresses and their differences. I would predict that altitude would be the main variable along with Latitude, but temperatures would be similar in range. Obviously, one can see that organisms can have multiple addresses.

Suppose one was studying a rare bird found in long leaf pine forests. One could scan for all known addresses of the long leaf pine then search those niches for evidence of the bird.

On our coast, the distance from the salt spray would have to be a parameter of any plant growing there. There are only a few grasses or sea oats that can live in the tidal zone. One has to retreat, from the high water mark, back 50 to 100 yards to encounter those weathered firs. Farther back still one has the live oak forming a canopy that shields many other plants from the spray that would kill them.
The percentage of salt water is also a valuable parameter in an ecological address for plants and animals. It turns out that the amount of salt is not the critical measure. Biologists have found organisms living in springs of high salinity where the salinity is constant. But it is the changing salinity that knocks out most organisms, places where the range of salt water percentage varies widely. On our coast and in the marshes, one can have a high salt content but then heavy rains inland can cause the water to be more fresh than brackish. Few animals or plants can thrive in these wide swings. Many animals, fish for example, can move from these changes to waters more accommodating, but few plants other than some marsh grasses can survive. Range of salinity would be a percentage measurement.

Salmon and other such fish have evolved a strange and unlikely change of addresses over their life cycle. The adult salmon lives its life in the salty ocean but then swims upstream through brackish then fresh waters. The change in salt parameter is one strange address change. But the fish also changes its altitude. Though he might not leap more than a couple of feet out of the water, say +5 , after being -100 ft in the ocean ( I have no exact idea), the salmon is also changing its altitude by swimming upstream to spawn perhaps +1500 feet or more, but they don’t survive the change in salt salinity.

The eggs the salmon lays can only live  at an address of pure water and the young fry live at the higher altitude, still beneath water but not sea level but as they grow they migrate downstream from an address of higher altitude and fresh water to salt water and below sea level. Suppose one decided that it was a good thing to take the larger Pacific Coast Salmon and transplant them on the East Coast? Would it work? What would the ‘green’ area of the address be on the East Coast? What other fish and animals would be competing for this address?

I would guess that any migrating species would have the most intricate and varied addresses.  Consider Arctic Terns, not happy at one pole they fly to the other, obviously over all of the latitudes in between.  Then they fly back again.

Let’s try to create even one address and see what problems present themselves or see if it is even feasible? All addresses have to be the same length so a spacer must be used for those segments that do not apply. The challenge would be places such as Death Valley which is dry but below sea level but it would work: Land and inches below sea level should cover it. An amphibious animal such as a frog would have F and an L in its address. A marine organism living only in the ocean would have salinity range of 35-35psu (practical salinity units or 3.5%).

Energy Independence

Energy Independence USA In Ten Years

By Larry Hopkins, December 31, 2007

What if there was a way to cut out OPEC and still reduce our costs of energy, while keeping the energy profits here at home and fund our own national energy needs, making jobs for our people. Would we do it? Do we have the national nerve to bring it off?

The situation today leaves our fate at the whim of OPEC members with their never ending greed and the major oil companies with their never ending record profits and their need to find oil deeper in the ocean and inside shale or the National Wildlife Preserve. We have a once in a lifetime chance to take back control of our Energy Destiny.

I have come to realize that there are three things that we need to do as a nation:

1.    Build ocean-powered electrical generators to supply the whole country’s electrical grid with power and cover peak load, replacing all natural gas, coal and eventually nuclear power stations. Our country is surrounded on three sides by water which has ocean currents that can turn the largest turbines that can be built and run them 24/7.
2.    Off peak-load make hydrogen with electrolysis of water by building Hydrogen ‘Factories” at strategic spots all over the country.
3.    Establish a program to refit every internal combustion engine in the country to run on hydrogen as an alternative, i.e. a switch to turn from fossil fuel to hydrogen where it is available. Later, when it is available everywhere, then one fuel tank.

If we only succeed with building ocean generators then we will be way ahead, but if we can change our whole energy fuel over to hydrogen then we could have it all. I want it all:

1.    Freedom from OPEC’s ever increasing greed.
2.    The Russians will go broke and there can be no new Cold War.                                           3.    The Arab countries will go broke without oil, all of them: Saudi Arabia with all their charities to fund 9-11, Dubai will never finish their excesses which our hard-working people are funding, Iran will not have money for nuclear weapons.
4.    If global warming is caused by CO2 then there will be no more CO2. Either way we will have clean air and the sky will turn back to the deep color of blue that has been lost.
5.    The money stays on-shore in our balance of payments.
6.    We employ our people in our energy production.
7.    Cheaper energy and everything we buy or use or eat becomes cheaper-deflation for years.
8.    No US soldier will ever have to die for oil again, ever.
9.    The price of oil will plummet.

Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

Good morning,

Gasoline prices are down at the average Selma rack (oil company) by 9/10ths of a cent. Diesel fuel prices are up 4/1oths of a cent. Prices are:

UNLEADED $1.9263

PLUS $1.9925

PREMIUM $2.0758

ULS $2.0168

ULS RD $2.0144

My son, Michael, upon hearing the weather report of 31 degrees but a chill factor of 19 degrees, asked the question: ‘Who determines the chill factor?” I looked it up on Google. It does not tell who created this formula, but the National Weather Service provides the chart below. If you click on the link below the chart, it will bring up the whole website complete with a Wind-chill Calculator. Just enter the temperature and wind speed and it calculates the Wind-chill. The wind is measured at a height of 5 feet above the ground, where the average person’s face would be.

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/windchill/index.shtml

Best regards, -Larry

Larry Hopkins

President

 Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

 5211 Trademark Drive

 Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com

Gasoline and Diesel fuel Prices

 

Good morning,

 

The Stock Market went up yesterday and carried commodities with it. Gasoline I sup 2.7 cents. Diesel fuel is up 4.5 cents. Diesel is also heating fuel and when it snows in New York like it is doing today, one can say the commodity trader saw his shadow. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9351

PLUS              $1.9905

PREMIUM      $2.0874

ULS               $2.0133

ULS RD         $2.0103

 

It will be really strange if Vancouver doesn’t have enough snow for the Olympic Games when Philadelphia is expected to break the all time winter record today of 62 inches. Maybe they could move the games to Philadelphia.

 

Best regards,

 

-Larry H.    

 

Larry Hopkins

President

Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

5211 Trademark Drive

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com