Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

We have another day in Paradise. Gasoline prices jumped up today by 9.2 cents. Diesel prices are up by 7.2 cents. Prices at the average rack in Selma are:

 

UNLEADED     $2.0359

PLUS              $2.0677

PREMIUM      $2.1628

ULS               $2.0734

ULS RD         $2.0727

 

Crude oil is up 40 cents at this time to $77.41 over yesterday’s close.

 

Have a good day,

 

-Larry H.  

 

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good afternoon,

 

I am running late after a meeting this morning. Gasoline is little changed today. Diesel fuel is the same. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED    $1.9443

PLUS             $1.9916

PREMIUM     $2.0873

ULS               $2.0015

ULS RD         $1.9998

 

Crude oil has jumped up $2.92/barrel over the close yesterday and is now trading at $77.05.

 

Best regards,

 

-Larry H.  

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good Monday morning,

 

Basically, there is no change is gasoline price at the average rack today, 3/1000th  of a cent. Diesel prices are down 3.72 cents today:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9420

PLUS              $1.9946

PREMIUM       $2.0891

ULS                $2.0000

ULS RD          $1.9972

 

Crude has moved up 13 cents/gallon to $74.23 at this time from its Friday close.

 

Have a good week,

 

-Larry

 

Gasoline & Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

Gasoline prices are up today by 1.6 cents. Diesel fuel prices at the average rack are up 2.0 cents:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9423

PLUS              $1.9960

PREMIUM      $2.0903

ULS               $2.0372

ULS RD         $2.0349

 

 Crude is down $1.58 today to $73.73 from the close yesterday at $75.28.

 

I was walking the dog this morning. There is this one curve in the road that has sweet gum trees. I was marveling at the plethora of sweet gum balls that came down in the wind this week. Then I looked up and you would not believe the thousand that are STILL on the trees.

 

Enjoy your weekend,

 

-Larry H.

The Ecological Address

What if one could assign a mathematical and alphanumeric formula for every organism on the planet that would represent its ecological address or Ecoaddress for short? The value of one address would be meaningless, kind of like having the only facsimile machine. But if all organisms on the earth had an address, one could picture the interactive chain of life on this planet. Imagine a computer image linking all addresses where they intersect into a 3-D model in colors, with blue for the ocean at the bottom of the image, brown for land, green for plant levels on up to white for the snowline.Such a display would be like a Scrabble game in 3-Dimensions and color.

What we would have is a vivid, meaningful image of the interlocking life on Earth. Break that chain at certain strategic points and many life forms could be lost.

This address would represent a series of ranges. For example: a land animal might live above sea level Or +1 foot up to 6,000 feet. One would need the longitude and latitude where the organism exists. One would need a range of temperatures at which it could survive such as -10 degree F. up to say, 100 degrees F. And this same animal might require an environment with a minimal rainfall of 30” per year and a maximum of 65”. How to convert this data into a formula, and address?

Or suppose one might have a marine animal that mostly lives below sea level or from 0 feet down to -300 feet.  But if an animal does not normally live at a certain level, then we would not count it. For example a dolphin may jump 8 feet into the air but it cannot live there so its address would be =1 foot or the amount he might normally come up for air. But a sea turtle comes out of the water to lay its eggs so its address might begin with +6 and go down to -300? I have no idea how deep sea turtles dive.

Assuming that biologists could devise such a scheme, what good is it? Well, if one knew the ecological address in one part of the world, one could predict all of the other parts of the world where that organism could live and thrive. If we knew what happened, would we have brought starlings to America from England? How many native birds were misplaced? What about Kudzu? In each case we might have made a different decision, or not, but it would have been an informed decision.

I have read many accounts in English literature about the Nightingale, how beautiful their song is in the night. English poets have written many poems in its honor. I have never heard this song, but I would cherish the opportunity. Suppose we were to consider importing these birds into this country? Using a computer one could first map the address of the Nightingale, green, yellow, and red areas. Naturally, the green would be the ideal habitat, the yellow borderline and the red would be least likely. Then we could ask the computer, what other native animals overlap the green areas. Maybe we would get lucky and it would be Starlings. Bring them on! One could make an informed decision.

Another example: I have heard it said that Transylvania County in N.C. has the highest and lowest rainfall of any county. Let’s suppose that is true. One would assume that it is the western slope of the Appalachian Range that has the highest rainfall because the clouds can’t make it over them. I have often wondered if one could plant a forest of California Redwoods on the Western slope of our mountains. Let’s assume that we all agreed that it would be a good idea. One could take the ecological address of the California Redwood and see it is a fit for Transylvania County or other mountain counties. In this example, height above sea level, temperature range, rainfall, and humidity would be measurements, its addresses must overlap in a meaningful way for the project to succeed.
The computer, comparing the addresses, would respond ‘Exact Match’ or, perhaps 11 out of 13 matched, then print out in English the differences, in this case Longitude and Latitude.

Knowing that the same flora and fauna live in the Appalachian Mountains of N.C. as are found in Canada, it would be interesting to compare the addresses and their differences. I would predict that altitude would be the main variable along with Latitude, but temperatures would be similar in range. Obviously, one can see that organisms can have multiple addresses.

Suppose one was studying a rare bird found in long leaf pine forests. One could scan for all known addresses of the long leaf pine then search those niches for evidence of the bird.

On our coast, the distance from the salt spray would have to be a parameter of any plant growing there. There are only a few grasses or sea oats that can live in the tidal zone. One has to retreat, from the high water mark, back 50 to 100 yards to encounter those weathered firs. Farther back still one has the live oak forming a canopy that shields many other plants from the spray that would kill them.
The percentage of salt water is also a valuable parameter in an ecological address for plants and animals. It turns out that the amount of salt is not the critical measure. Biologists have found organisms living in springs of high salinity where the salinity is constant. But it is the changing salinity that knocks out most organisms, places where the range of salt water percentage varies widely. On our coast and in the marshes, one can have a high salt content but then heavy rains inland can cause the water to be more fresh than brackish. Few animals or plants can thrive in these wide swings. Many animals, fish for example, can move from these changes to waters more accommodating, but few plants other than some marsh grasses can survive. Range of salinity would be a percentage measurement.

Salmon and other such fish have evolved a strange and unlikely change of addresses over their life cycle. The adult salmon lives its life in the salty ocean but then swims upstream through brackish then fresh waters. The change in salt parameter is one strange address change. But the fish also changes its altitude. Though he might not leap more than a couple of feet out of the water, say +5 , after being -100 ft in the ocean ( I have no exact idea), the salmon is also changing its altitude by swimming upstream to spawn perhaps +1500 feet or more, but they don’t survive the change in salt salinity.

The eggs the salmon lays can only live  at an address of pure water and the young fry live at the higher altitude, still beneath water but not sea level but as they grow they migrate downstream from an address of higher altitude and fresh water to salt water and below sea level. Suppose one decided that it was a good thing to take the larger Pacific Coast Salmon and transplant them on the East Coast? Would it work? What would the ‘green’ area of the address be on the East Coast? What other fish and animals would be competing for this address?

I would guess that any migrating species would have the most intricate and varied addresses.  Consider Arctic Terns, not happy at one pole they fly to the other, obviously over all of the latitudes in between.  Then they fly back again.

Let’s try to create even one address and see what problems present themselves or see if it is even feasible? All addresses have to be the same length so a spacer must be used for those segments that do not apply. The challenge would be places such as Death Valley which is dry but below sea level but it would work: Land and inches below sea level should cover it. An amphibious animal such as a frog would have F and an L in its address. A marine organism living only in the ocean would have salinity range of 35-35psu (practical salinity units or 3.5%).

Energy Independence

Energy Independence USA In Ten Years

By Larry Hopkins, December 31, 2007

What if there was a way to cut out OPEC and still reduce our costs of energy, while keeping the energy profits here at home and fund our own national energy needs, making jobs for our people. Would we do it? Do we have the national nerve to bring it off?

The situation today leaves our fate at the whim of OPEC members with their never ending greed and the major oil companies with their never ending record profits and their need to find oil deeper in the ocean and inside shale or the National Wildlife Preserve. We have a once in a lifetime chance to take back control of our Energy Destiny.

I have come to realize that there are three things that we need to do as a nation:

1.    Build ocean-powered electrical generators to supply the whole country’s electrical grid with power and cover peak load, replacing all natural gas, coal and eventually nuclear power stations. Our country is surrounded on three sides by water which has ocean currents that can turn the largest turbines that can be built and run them 24/7.
2.    Off peak-load make hydrogen with electrolysis of water by building Hydrogen ‘Factories” at strategic spots all over the country.
3.    Establish a program to refit every internal combustion engine in the country to run on hydrogen as an alternative, i.e. a switch to turn from fossil fuel to hydrogen where it is available. Later, when it is available everywhere, then one fuel tank.

If we only succeed with building ocean generators then we will be way ahead, but if we can change our whole energy fuel over to hydrogen then we could have it all. I want it all:

1.    Freedom from OPEC’s ever increasing greed.
2.    The Russians will go broke and there can be no new Cold War.                                           3.    The Arab countries will go broke without oil, all of them: Saudi Arabia with all their charities to fund 9-11, Dubai will never finish their excesses which our hard-working people are funding, Iran will not have money for nuclear weapons.
4.    If global warming is caused by CO2 then there will be no more CO2. Either way we will have clean air and the sky will turn back to the deep color of blue that has been lost.
5.    The money stays on-shore in our balance of payments.
6.    We employ our people in our energy production.
7.    Cheaper energy and everything we buy or use or eat becomes cheaper-deflation for years.
8.    No US soldier will ever have to die for oil again, ever.
9.    The price of oil will plummet.

Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

Good morning,

Gasoline prices are down at the average Selma rack (oil company) by 9/10ths of a cent. Diesel fuel prices are up 4/1oths of a cent. Prices are:

UNLEADED $1.9263

PLUS $1.9925

PREMIUM $2.0758

ULS $2.0168

ULS RD $2.0144

My son, Michael, upon hearing the weather report of 31 degrees but a chill factor of 19 degrees, asked the question: ‘Who determines the chill factor?” I looked it up on Google. It does not tell who created this formula, but the National Weather Service provides the chart below. If you click on the link below the chart, it will bring up the whole website complete with a Wind-chill Calculator. Just enter the temperature and wind speed and it calculates the Wind-chill. The wind is measured at a height of 5 feet above the ground, where the average person’s face would be.

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/windchill/index.shtml

Best regards, -Larry

Larry Hopkins

President

 Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

 5211 Trademark Drive

 Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com

Gasoline and Diesel fuel Prices

 

Good morning,

 

The Stock Market went up yesterday and carried commodities with it. Gasoline I sup 2.7 cents. Diesel fuel is up 4.5 cents. Diesel is also heating fuel and when it snows in New York like it is doing today, one can say the commodity trader saw his shadow. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED     $1.9351

PLUS              $1.9905

PREMIUM      $2.0874

ULS               $2.0133

ULS RD         $2.0103

 

It will be really strange if Vancouver doesn’t have enough snow for the Olympic Games when Philadelphia is expected to break the all time winter record today of 62 inches. Maybe they could move the games to Philadelphia.

 

Best regards,

 

-Larry H.    

 

Larry Hopkins

President

Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

5211 Trademark Drive

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com

Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good morning,

 

We are in for more rain. The water table can’t be down very far now. We may all be living in Venice soon. Gasoline went down at the average rack in Selma by 4/10ths of a cent. Diesel fuel went up at the average rack by 6/10ths of a cent. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED   $1.9082

PLUS            $1.9623

PREMIUM     $2.0581

ULS              $1.9688

ULS RD        $1.9668

 

Just what we need, more rain! Last Friday night carrying my son from hockey to the basketball game at Cary Academy, I was driving through that section of I-40 between Crossroads and Wade Ave. that I call the ‘Cary Squeeze’, where three lanes are squeezed into two. They are working on it now to widen that stripe and I applaud the effort, but it was very hard to see in the rain that night. Many of the lane reflectors have been scrapped off by the snow plows and one can hardly see where the lanes are. I am having eye trouble. My eyes have naturally developed bipolar vision until my left eye is farsighted and my right eye is nearsighted but they have diverged so far that my vision is blurred  at night and I have to even close my right eye to be able to see the road. I was just trying to keep in line with the tail lights of the car ahead of me. You know it is raining hard when you try to turn up the speed of the windshield wipers and they are already on high.

I mentioned to my son that I thought the reflectors had been scrapped away and he agreed as we could see the shattered remains by the roadside. I made kind of a joke that maybe the DOT should bury LED lights in the pavement between the lanes. Michael immediately said that it would cost too much and no one could see them buried. I thought a minute and agreed about the cost, at least for now, but I thought that burying the lights but covering them with a tough, clear plastic cover, flush with the pavement, would work. Just for fun for Michael, I added that the lights should flash along in sequence at the speed limit of 65 miles per hour, guiding us through the rain. He thought that would be cool.

 

I thought about it later and here is the fun part. What would you see when you gradually reached speed with the lights at 65 mph. I would predict that the moving lights would seem, relatively, to have stopped because we were moving at the same speed. This is Einstein thought problem again. If you looked back at Crossroads, what scene would you see. The scene, assuming great vision and probably a telescope would be that time has stopped because the picture you are looking at is reflected light that is moving exactly as your speed. But the picture would be getting smaller. So what would happen with the relative speed of the lights if you sped up to 70 mph? You would seem to be passing  the lights, just like you would pass a slower car and they would recede between you. So If you could go faster that the speed of light heading toward Wade then looking back at Crossroads, the scene would seem to be going backward in time as you caught up with the previously reflected light in the scene from the past. So Time is relative to your speed with the speed of light which is Einstein’s theory of relativity. Cool, huh? As far as going forward into the future, I don’t see how one could ‘see’ a scene that has never reflected the light. Does That make sense? My wife says I am a terrible teacher but I try. I am simple. I figure if I can understand it then anybody can. Whether I can explain it is another thing. Traveling in space between planets is a tough sell because the distances are too great. It may only happen if we find alternative dimensions and can slide between them.

 

Enjoy your day,

 

-Larry H.

 

Larry Hopkins

President

Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

5211 Trademark Drive

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com

Gasoline and Diesel Rack Prices

 

Good Monday morning,

 

Gasoline has dropped another 7.8 cents today. Diesel fuel is down  3.4 cents. Prices are:

 

UNLEADED   $1.9126

PLUS            $1.9678

PREMIUM     $2.0659

ULS              $1.9627

ULS RD        $1.9609

 

Crude is up 4 cents from its close on Friday. On Friday I was late getting home to pick up Michael and take him to hockey practice. There were so many wrecks on the Beltline. He plays goalie on a Peewee Raleigh youth league. He was the last guy on the ice. Afterwards, we had to hurry over to Cary Academy where my daughter was being presented along with all the seniors and she was a cheerleader for the girls and boys basketball games with North Raleigh Christian, the Knights. The girl’s game wasn’t even close, The Chargers beat the Knights easily. It was interesting to watch girls with their mascara and painted fingernails fighting it out. They all wore ponytails but added to that, each team put rubber bands around their head to hold the casual hair back.

The guys game was entirely different. North Raleigh ran away from Cary Academy in the first half and at one point was leading by 21 points. I was ready to go, since we had already had Kenzie’s presentation ceremony but Terri wanted to wait and see if they could come back again. The Knights had the tallest player on the floor, a good looking guy with Great Hair. He was everywhere, with deft passes inside, shooting from the outside, penetrating to draw a foul. They took him out with 2 minutes to go in the half. I said the coach did not want him to get a third file before the second half. Terri said No it was because he had to fix his hair. The Knights lead by 11 points at half.

In the second half, Cary Academy took it up a notch, doing the same things, but much quicker and they started to narrow the score. By the end of the second half, the Chargers were ahead by 2 points, the two teams running back and forth, trading scores. And then with 2 seconds left, Great Hair took the final jump shot and sure enough, he swished it. Overtime! As the minutes ticked off the clock, Great Hair had finally gotten some strands of hair out of place, floating around above his head. He probably should have borrowed one of those rubber bands from the girl’s team. I would bet he had many willing admirers on both girls teams. The Chargers were leading again by 2 in the final seconds and a 3 pointer would have won it for the Knights. The Knights fired off the last jump shot and it bounced around and out. They probably should have let Great Hair take the shot. Disney could not have written a better outcome.

 

 

Enjoy your week,

 

-Larry H.

 

Larry Hopkins

President

Hopkins Oil Co. Inc.

5211 Trademark Drive

Raleigh, N.C. 27610

Direct Line: 919-534-2309

Cell: 919-622-8205

Fax: 919-833-8122

larry@hopkinsoil.com